September 13, 2007

GIS Amman

South Dakota traffic flow map
The Greater Amman Municipality (GAM) intends to use the Geographic Information System (GIS), as part of a plan to upgrade services and enhance performance. Director of the Geographic information Technology department in the Municipality Eng. Hassan Kaswani said that this system would allow to locate GAM’s vehicles in any part of the city. “Such technology would help us to ensure that every vehicle is in the right place at the right time to serve the citizens,” he added. More than 95 per cent of GAM’s work depends geographic data and information.

GIS is a system for capturing, storing, analyzing and managing data and associated attributes which are spatially referenced to the earth. In the strictest sense, it is a computer system capable of integrating, storing, editing, analyzing, sharing, and displaying geographically-referenced information. In a more generic sense, GIS is a tool that allows users to create interactive queries (user created searches), analyze the spatial information, edit data, maps, and present the results of all these operations. Geographic information science is the science underlying the geographic concepts, applications and systems, taught in degree and GIS Certificate programs at many universities.

Geographic information system technology can be used for scientific investigations, resource management, asset management, Environmental Impact Assessment, Urban planning, cartography, criminology, history, sales, marketing, and logistics. For example, GIS might allow emergency planners to easily calculate emergency response times in the event of a natural disaster, GIS might be used to find wetlands that need protection from pollution.

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